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FreeBSD system update and package installation

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1. System Update

freebsd-update fetch
freebsd-update install

2. Compilation and Installation of Software Packages from Source Code

1. Obtain the Port Source, Extract, and Update

portsnap fetch
portsnap extract
portsnap update

The updated software package list is located in the /usr/ports/ directory.

2. Search for Software Packages

cd /usr/ports/
make search name=software name
make quicksearch name=software name

3. Install Software Packages

cd /usr/ports/www/firefox
make install firefox

4. Uninstall Software Packages

cd /usr/ports/www/firefox
make deinstall firefox

Unlike yum, apt-get, and aptitude, this BSD software installation is a compiled installation and takes a relatively long time.

For packages with dependencies, a blue installation selection screen will appear during the installation process.

4. Install Software Packages using pkg

(similar to yum, apt-get, and aptitude)

pkg update
pkg upgrade
pkg install software name

Reference

  • https://docs.freebsd.org/zh_CN/books/handbook/updating-upgrading.html
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